August 31, 2017
Schadendorf D, Bhatia S, Hauschild A, Saiag P, Mahnke L, Hariharan S, Kaufman H, Nghiem PDownload PDF
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is a rare skin cancer caused by Merkel cell polyomavirus (MCPyV) infection and/or ultraviolet radiation–induced somatic mutations. The presence of tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes is evidence that an active immune response to MCPyV and tumor-associated neoantigens occurs in some patients. However, inhibitory immune molecules, including programmed death-1 (PD-1) and programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1), within the MCC tumor microenvironment aid in tumor evasion of T-cell–mediated clearance. Unlike chemotherapy, treatment with anti–PD-L1 (avelumab) or anti–PD-1 (pembrolizumab) antibodies leads to durable responses in MCC, in both virus-positive and virus-negative tumors. As many tumors are established through the evasion of infiltrating immune-cell clearance, the lessons learned in MCC may be broadly relevant to many cancers.
The authoritative source on Merkel cell carcinoma.
September 13, 2019